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The Effects of Steroids

Anabolic steroids are very important organic compounds, hormones within the body of testosterone itself, or testosterone with changes in the effects of these observable things and/or mimic other testosterone actions as it is also in these. hormones and the like, and the testosterone may go on to show that undesirable human body exhibits can have positive effects on one or two areas, for example, at the same time it or other undesirable effects.

This is a normal trade-off with the use of anabolic steroids or almost anything in this world. Their anabolic steroids can be attributed to the variety of systems that can be attributed to different systems of the body, and this is why science and envy have such a wide range of applications.

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Testosterone-modified variants, anabolic steroid analogs, and derivatives, in terms of steroid different effects, can then be altered to create a positive effect on a specific area of the body, or body region, while the effects on another system are reduced in prevalence. This was one of the main targets of the anabolic steroid development explosion of the 1950s.

 

In the 1950’s, many drug companies are mysteriously ill such as competing for insane and estrogenic and androgenic effects of attempting to create ‘perfect’ anabolic steroids, which can be described as anabolic steroids that show all the effects of steroids will be positively and desirably conservative steroids (any muscle mass without adverse effects).

(Oxandrolone): Although not perfect anabolic steroids have been created up to now, science has taken a certain number of anabolic steroids, very close to the development of the Antarctic. Regardless, the anabolic (tissue-building) effects, like the two internal interactions of anabolic steroids, are completely inseparable from the effects of androgenic (manic).

At some point, it may be possible for these two to move away from each other, but it may never be possible to completely remove or separate them. However, there are many different anabolic steroid analogs available and more favorable depending on the effects of each anabolic steroid. Individuals with the ability to choose which steroid anabolic may be.

The Winning Percentage Of HIV Cure

Thirty years ago, all people almost do not understand AIDS, people talk about “Ai” discoloration. At that time the average infection only less than 5 years of survival, not to mention treatment or cure.

With the emergence of “cocktail therapy” and the progress of medical capacity, the lives of infected people have been greatly improved, AIDS is no longer “terminally ill”.

Now where are we going?

hiv cure

Thirty years have passed, and now medicine has been able to well control the AIDS condition, so that infected people’s viral load reduced to undetectable level,

life and quality of life is almost the same as ordinary people In addition, infected people can also have a healthy baby.

But, nevertheless, we still have to take medicine for life on time, and HIV will be with us into the dust, and we can not help asking:

“When to stop?”

“When to cure?”

Redefine “cure”

We often say that there are two levels of cure, that is, functional cure and complete cure

The American AIDS Research Center (amfAR) has given a new definition of the current “cure”. Infected persons need to meet the following three criteria at the same time, can be considered “cured”:
1) able to live a normal, healthy life;

2) can disable antiretroviral therapy or any other HIV-related drugs (maximum difficulty);

3) Do not spread HIV to others.

HIV Cure (AIDS)” is real

HIV

A milestone in the number of cases of Berlin patients and VISCONTI cohort cases. Although there is no copy of the lucky, can not be widely applicable to all infected persons, but these cases do prove that the cure of AIDS has been possible to achieve.

30 years have passed, the scientific community is no longer stay in the discovery and understanding of AIDS at the level, we have a full understanding of AIDS, but also answered a variety of key scientific issues.

Now, we do not have to ask “can not cure” such problems, but to ask “how can we cure”! Now the scientific community is entering a more technical challenge to solve the problem of a new stage. Yes, cure is a technical issue that covers a range of challenges in medicine, management, psychology, and economics.

Travelling In United Kingdom

A Marvelous Trip

Because the United Kingdom to give residents of Taiwan tourist visa-free, the travel agency statistics passenger surge. Originally not flying in the UK China Airlines in March 2010 also opened a direct route to Taipei, London, and Evergreen is in the original operation of the.

Taipei – Bangkok – London route overtime, the daily back and forth classes. Because Evergreen and China Airlines fares are high, the ticket tax price is broken 40,000 yuan, so temporarily not considered, after comparison in addition to Evergreen and China Airlines outside the price reasonable to London time with only Cathay Pacific. Cathay fare less than forty thousand, including tax in thirty-seven or so.

The worderful placed in the u.k. can be visited by Croyden cabs.

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Some people will feel thirty-seven thousand eight thousand with forty thousand just a little money, I would rather go to the more mature China Airlines direct flight or stop in Bangkok’s Everlasting, but Cathay Pacific’s mileage program Asia Miles Asia Miles, Taipei by Hong Kong to London can get 13,000 miles to the net average price of 1 mile 0.5 yuan to count at least six thousand dollars, so the value of the ticket book as long as thirty thousand succeed.

Croyden Cabs is the ideal solution

Of course, China Airlines and Evergreen have their own mileage feedback program, but the two of the net auction price of about 1 mile 0.3 yuan and cheap ticket feedback will be discounted between about 60% -80% , a forty thousand early ticket mileage Can only accumulate about 9000 miles ( Taiwan to fly London about twelve thousand miles ).

So a value down less than three thousand dollars, the mileage value are counted into the words of Cathay Pacific and China Airlines Evergreen ticket price difference of about ten thousand yuan is amazing. Unless you must talk with the standard Mandarin air service personnel to communicate, or Cathay Pacific is also a good option.

Moreover, Cathay Pacific eight times a day back and forth in Hong Kong, London, coupled with the Hong Kong and Taipei flights are very intensive, you can arrange the time is perfect. We chose the middle of the night in Hong Kong, equal to the first day without a holiday to punch on the airport, because the time difference between the next morning to London.

Equal to the first day you can start to play, usually the morning departure flight to London only half a day can not play. On the last day we picked up the flight at eight o’clock in the evening, it was almost 11 years to play. If you pick Changrong or China Airlines is early to late, the first day of the evening into the urban area is 12 days but actually play 10 days.

Of course, there is a cheaper option is to choose a less time or more limited to Malaysia Airlines, Air Australia, New Zealand Airlines or British Airways.

Fares about 26000-30000 or so, the airline’s cheap ticket transfer time is poor, and most can not accumulate mileage. Ma Hang is to fly south for 5 hours to Kuala Lumpur and then fly 13 hours to London , back and forth is almost every day and back to Taiwan time is not very good.

Qantas Newcastle is the same problem with British Airways, although in Hong Kong but the time is not good early in the morning to take off the afternoon to London, equal to the day before you go to Hong Kong overnight, back is limited to noon flight, the next morning To Hong Kong and then back to Taiwan, equal to the last two days gone.

There is not even good, unless you are not an office worker has unlimited holidays can arrange for a long time or this time for short-term travel, the fare in addition to the actual stay on average and did not account for the cheap.

The Role Of Antidepressants

Antidepressants

The following is excerpted from the work of Dr. Huang Yiqian “laughing often open 10 secret” (World Publishing House)
Many of the patients I see, when it comes to doctors prescription antidepressants to them, they are very anxious.

The public and the media have often reported that some of the anti-depressant bad places, but we also can not tell what the specific bad, just think that after eating these drugs will have a problem. Now, let’s talk about what antidepressants are.
Antidepressants are one of a great variety of psychotropic drugs.

But what about antidepressants?

Medical studies have shown that antidepressants are primarily directed against the brain inside the brain transfer material (neurotransmitters) imbalance in the situation.

When it secretes imbalance, our emotions will become volatile, it becomes very easy to bored out from the inside. Our experience with prescription antidepressants has been over sixty years, and the literature points out that eating these medications is effective in making mood decisions. It is quite hard but possible to cure hiv cure.

In other words, antidepressants are not so-called happy drugs, and they will not be happy. After serving the antidepressant, the patient’s mood will fluctuate less and will not feel depressed and gloomy from the bottom of his heart.

He may also be able to enhance his mood and energy so as to enable him to reverse negative thinking. Think of positive thinking and help yourself overcome depression.

So, if someone thinks that just the antidepressant mood will be good, they do not have to do other things, then usually do not have much effect.

To really help themselves, they have to take the drug, when the drug that mood is not so low, they have to take this opportunity to think more positive things and to enhance their emotions, will be more with less.

Antidepressants help with depression and anxiety.

There are many different types of antidepressants on the market today. In general, different types of antidepressants have the same antidepressant effect, and they differ only in their properties, cost and side effects.
Tricyclic
Tricyclic in the fifties and sixties began to take, and many different studies have shown that this type of drug can be very effective in improving the mood of depression, but it usually takes more than two weeks to begin to take effect.

This type of drug is a significant antidepressant effect, and the price is very cheap, but also the benefits of sleeping effect, often have insomnia patients, can be said to have two birds with one stone effect.

However, they also have a very obvious side Effects. Common side effects include dizziness, dry mouth, constipation, urine is not out, blurred vision, heart rate, sexual affect and so on.

The most worrying is that these drugs will affect the heart function, so that some patients lead to heart rhythm. At the same time, if these drugs take more than the prescription dose, it will pose a considerable risk.

Common are Dothiepin (Prothiaden), Amitriptyline, Doxepin (Sinequan), Imipramine and so on.
SSRI
Now the most common antidepressant in Hong Kong is the SSRI category. SSRI began in the eighties and nineties was taking. This group of drugs is usually not obvious side effects, even if the misuse of a lot of tablets will not be dangerous to life, and efficacy and the same tricyclic.

Therefore, these drugs have become the mainstream of treatment of depression. Common SSRIs include Fluoxetine (Prozac), Paroxetine (Seroxat), Escitalopram (Lexapro), Citalopram (Cipram) and Sertraline (Zoloft). Patients taking SSRI usually have no serious side effects, a small number of people will have nausea, dizziness, electrolyte sodium will decline and so on.

SSRIs will cause some teenagers to have suicidal thoughts, but these drugs are basically safe in adults and elders.
SNRI
This is a relatively new drug, the production of pharmaceutical companies say that these drugs can produce a little earlier effect. Common are Venlafexine (Efexor) and Duloxetine (Cymbalta).
NASSA
This class of drugs is relatively new, and it advertised the advantage that it can make the patient a little sleepy, patients with insomnia may be more appropriate. Common is Mirtazepine (Remeron).
How should we look at antidepressants?
Taking antidepressants can make more than a few emotional improvements. If you do not take antidepressants, personal emotions may be too low, even if they want to help themselves, but also powerless.

Serving antidepressants can at least improve the condition, and in many cases there will be complete recovery.Therefore, because of taboo jealous of medicine and do not accept the treatment of antidepressants, how to say can not be justified.

Some people may worry that these drugs will addiction to the patient. In fact, this will not happen, because these drugs are not dependent.
So how long does it take to take antidepressants to treat depression?

There are many studies that have pointed out that if the patient after taking the drug can be completely cured, 12 to 18 months after they can slowly start the withdrawal.

However, patients with relatively high risk, such as the elderly, who have multiple disease records, may need to take long-term medication to prevent the recurrence of depression.

Speaking of the last sentence, antidepressants can make the mood sick to cure. But how to prescribe this decision, and doctors should discuss in order to achieve the greatest help in depression.

Why I Cannot stop worrying?

Cannot stop worrying?

Everyone has his worries. There is no worry that people can not survive in this competitive metropolis. Without the impetus of anxiety, we can not effectively solve the daily life of the problems encountered. However, if we keep worrying, our lives will not be angry.

Excessive worries will create a lot of pressure, which will have a negative impact on our mental and physical health. Therefore, we must be able to control anxiety, rather than stop all the worries. Our goal of worrying should be to stop the anxiety.

What is excessive anxiety?

The characteristics of excessive anxiety, the following points. Please also note that you have at least two or more points, because then you may have over-worried about the problem.
If you have excessive anxiety, the following will make you more aware of “anxiety”, which can help you to decompression.

Anxiety and pressure

The reason why we worry, often because we think that worry will help us solve the problem. We think that if we keep thinking about one thing, if we are worried about it day and night, it is enough for us to “analyze” and “make decisions”. Keep worrying, repeated care to repeat, to solve the problem does not help.

For some problems that can not be solved, some problems other than manpower control, it is sufficient that we just “analyze” the problem and set our next “decision” with our own attitude and response to this matter. Anxiety will only add to our pressure.
We talk to ourselves in the brain, as one of the main ways we think, and we call this a “self talk”. Over-worried people, their “self-talk” are negative, want to say and repeat and repeat.

This kind of “self-talk” is repeated in the minds of over-worried people, creating the following vicious circle, creating a lot of pressure for them.
Step 1: There is a problem.
Step 2: Generate negative, pessimistic and repetitive self-talk.
Step 3: Generate stress as a physical and psychological response.
Step 4: physical and mental discomfort, people feel more difficult        problems, psychological dark and helpless, deepening the difficulty of the problem.
Step 5: Deepen negative, pessimistic and repetitive “self-talk.”
Step 6: Deepen the pressure response.
Step 7: Strengthen Step 4 and become a vicious circle.

When the vicious circle is established, the anxiety will be kept spinning in the mind, resulting in a sense of pressure, so that physical and psychological harm. Here are a number of different ways to help you stop worrying.
Irrational thought patterns
Many times, we are over-worried, because we have adopted some irrational mode of thinking. As long as we know ourselves, that is committed to those irrational thinking, that sense of pressure will also be reduced.

It is the main reason for the over-apprehension that the adversity is catastrophically inert.
Some hypothetical judgments based on arbitrary facts are particularly worrying.

People who are accustomed to thinking of everything bad will be overly concerned.
The manipulation of external factors
Many external factors (such as weather, environment, luck, that other people’s behavior) are not within the scope of our ability to control. If we are psychologically demanding to be able to control everything, we will be very worried when we encounter such external factors.

In fact, to stop us from worrying too much about the problems caused by these external factors, we suggest two ways: the list of prayers and worries.
Prayer
The easiest way to deal with worries is to pray. I do not have strong religious beliefs, but I know that prayer is a very effective way to reduce worries. Since people in the world can not control these problems, it is a good idea to rely on the heaven of omnipotence.

Leaving aside the religious point of view, the problem is entrusted to a greater ability than its own power, will be psychologically very comfortable.
List of worries
Facing a series of external worries, the best way to deal with them is to actively surface them. You can try to write down your worries in the heart with a pen and paper and a list of “worries” as follows.

  • There is no money to pay taxes
  • No money also card number
  • “fried squid”
  • They can not keep up
  • Borrowed money from foreign mother
  • To bring her mother to visit relatives

After listing this list of worries, we need to take out the paper again and write a version of “Everything that worries me” with every worry on the list.

The reason you worry. It is very important to write the reasons for your concern with paper and pencil, because only with pen and paper you systematically and objectively analyze each problem.

When you write a paper, you have to force yourself to the next decision, you have to decide whether or not this issue is within your ability to be resolved.

If this problem is resolved within your abilities, you will add a tick to the left of the list of concerns. If it is something you can not solve, add it to the left side of the list of Worries.

Once all the questions on the list have been analyzed and you have written many pages, you will have to look at the items that are ticked and order them according to their importance and urgency.Important row 1, after 2, 3 and so on.

Finally, you look at this list of worries, there are a number of crosses you have to promise not to think about them as much as possible. Until the first one of the deal, you think about the first two of that.

You may ask, a solution before you can deal with the next, will lack efficiency? But this requires me to have a reason. Because the human head can only deal with one thing at a time.

Most people are under great pressure to deal with multiple things at the same time. So when dealing with the problem, “a shop left to play the next shop,” will be much easier to bury.

The focus of the list of concerns is as follows.To himself to answer When your emotions are completely plagued by anxiety, the most Able to help you is: If you can rationalize your worries, you will immediately feel relaxed, no longer allow yourself to do unnecessary closed Yi, you have to learn to ask yourself.

When faced with troubling worries, you have to find ways to Calm down and ask yourself the following questions, and try to find their own answers.Answers to the above questions and answers, the best paper down.

It is a few simple notes, is sufficient. Write down in the psychological equivalent of the implementation, than just “thought φ” good.After the question and answer, you want to talk to yourself again with a rich and encouraging words.

The worst is not going to happen “” I want to relax now, completely decompression! “” Concerned and closed Yi Department can stop! ” In the use of self-talk to alleviate the anxiety of the way, you can close your eyes to some relaxation of their own movement.

To stop worrying, we must use the “stop calling” this skill.Earlier in the sixth chapter has read the “call Halt. “As long as you think of any worrying things, you will then use The above “stop calling” skills, to forget the worry and relax their two goals.

To worry and worry Whenever we encounter difficulties, the heart is full of worries, we will want to have a good friend willing to sit down and listen to our dumping About grievances.

When we have the opportunity to talk about things out of concern, we will feel fun. However, with friends to talk about the role of the mind itself is only general, but if it is not bad, there will be bad side effects.

The reason why people talk with people feel fun, not because the process of solving problems can be worrying .Confusion reduces anxiety because the process of talking helps us analyze the problem and helps us deal with the problem intelligently.

To do this in the right, we talk to the object is very important. This is a good way to help people who are wise, positive and experienced in life and willing to help.

But if your listener does not have the difficulty, and his way of doing things is more negative, irrational, selfish or out of order, talk to him will be self-defeating.If you can not find someone to talk to intelligently, I suggest You find a “friendly but dumb” listener.

A good listener does not need to speak any words, I only need to listen carefully, listen carefully to every word of the countdown, and then talk to those who show concern and comfort, is already enough.

If there is no absolute confidence and necessity, they are less favorable to the views, especially the subjective view.Worried that the overdraft will stop If you have a problem that keeps you worrying for a long time and you can not stop worrying if you are exhausted , You can try the following approach.

If you spend more than half an hour, or even an hour or more, and repeatedly to think about this one to worry you, when you think of tired, anxiety will stop at the same time.

When you do this, you have to throw All your other work and concentrate on your worries and not be distracted.After a while, your head will be tired, and the strong anxiety of the annoyance, when the anxiety will naturally stop.You own a silent from the perspective of psychiatry, one of The highest levels of difficulty is to use “humor” to solve the problem.

However, when a person is worried, they are usually not in the mood to tell jokes. So, you want to do nothing in your idle without worrying about the normal time, long ago to think of some of the most you can lead you to laugh at the scene. These scenarios need to make you smile You save these humor situations in your usual time, and you will be able to cope with your worries when you are disturbed.

How to distinguish between “emotional illness” and “depressed mood”

What is emotional illness?

Emotional disease in recent years, the Chinese-speaking psychiatrist invented a general term, used to replace some of the more resounding and negative sense of the name of some diseases, in order to reduce the negative label effect. Emotional disease refers to some of the depression and anxiety are related to the disease, the most common is depression and anxiety.

However, how do we distinguish between “emotional illness” and normal “depressed mood”?

The so-called “depressed mood” actually has four causes, and therefore there are four categories. In order to effectively control the “depressed mood”, we must know its causes and make targeted improvements.

The first category, “depression” is actually not an abnormal phenomenon. I mean the “unhappy”, “worried anxiety”, “scared”, “stress”, “anger” or “jealousy” that normal people feel every day. These can be said to be normal negative emotions, everyone must have experienced. Sometimes these feelings can be very strong, but this is an indispensable experience of life.

Often, this “normal negative emotion”, no matter how painful it may be, will last only an instant, and will not be lasting and will fade over time.

The second category

It is experienced a major blow or trauma generated after the “depression”, also known as the stress caused by negative emotions.

Loss of loved ones, ill health, death, unemployment, widowhood or other major blows or setbacks can give a person a sense of serious helplessness that can neither be accommodated nor escape, and that some people feel very emotional low.

This feeling is more than the ordinary “unhappy” much more painful and lasting, but also a week seven days and 24 hours a day are extremely low, and how to get rid of it is lingering. A psychiatrist will call this “adjustment disorder.”

These problems, though severe at the beginning, are usually faded over time, and within a few months, with a gradual adaptation to the problem, the feeling of depression will not cure.

Amin open his eyes every day, they resist to work, because he was often vexatious boss. The boss is not subordinate to the management of the subordinate curse, whether done right or wrong, he is insulting to insult people, so he felt he did not have the dignity as a person.

Back home, his heart is often uncomfortable, feel boring and boring. Fortunately, he can work with his wife in the spare time to play around with the unhappy mood behind.

Unfortunately, last week, his wife suddenly died. Amin in the moment without his best partner in this decade, for him is a major blow. Every day he keeps thinking of his wife, every day feels very bad. As soon as he closed his eyes, he remembered every moment with his wife.

Suddenly, his world becomes dark, all fun is all slip away. I have tried not to think of his wife, but the grief is lingering, but also involuntary.
In the above example, Amin all the way since there is the first class of negative emotions, but after his wife’s death, he was the second class of negative emotions plagued.

The third category

“Depression” is associated with the character. Some people feel unhappy over many years, the mood from time to time, and more than a small drop, the degree of unhappiness is affected by the impact of the occasion.

Sometimes, they will be extremely depressed, but when everything goes smoothly, the mood will return to calm, even feel happy. Psychiatrists say this is “dysthymia”, but it can be said to be a “negative mentality.”

We can see it as a kind of personal character and pessimistic thinking caused by long-term negative emotions.
Everyone often said, “Your thoughts, your feelings,” how you look at the size of things that happen to you, determine your feelings at that moment.

If you are used to looking at things optimistically, feel natural will be happy. But if you are pessimistic about everything, you will be doomed for a long time to experience a variety of negative emotions.

Lee felt when a good mother for a lifetime, ask her to do their part to raise their children to become useful.She does not understand why her four children will be weak with her feelings.

She often complains about her children’s affinity and indifferent attitude, and sometimes even far from seeing her will be avoided. Her relationship with his wife is even more wrong.

However, Li Tai’s daughter-in-law has a different view. In fact, her children are good for her, often visit her, but also give her enough financial support.

However, Lee is still too dissatisfied. She often compared her children to the children of other people. She could not see the benefits of her children, but she liked to compare the strengths of her children with those of others.

She saw the children will criticize them not all, but also With his non-stop complaining, said to himself miserable. In the face of life’s setbacks, Lee will look at the problem of negative, used to looking for the wrong place, but also used to blame and blame.

So, setbacks, Li Tai will feel anything wrong. However, in order to see Li Tai, she was with any ordinary person is not different, and even some people will think she is in the enjoyment of their children.Obviously, Lee is also the third class of negative emotions.

The fourth category

“Depression” is the genesis with physical, it is a disease, that is, we say “mood disorder.” “Emotional illness” includes “depressive disorder”, and the person suffering from the disease will be fully affected by the disease, the daily life and work requirements will not be able to adapt.

People who suffer from depression have lost interest in things around them , Except for a serious, persistent and lingering depression. They are completely lost interest in things they like to do before.

Previously like to play mahjong, even now open set. Appointed the foot, do not want to play cards. Always like to sing, even to go to the karaoke OK also can not mention vigorously singing.

They become unwilling to go out, often feel extreme emptiness, from time to time have focused on the difficulties. In addition, they will have the following symptoms, such as insomnia, no appetite, loss of self-concentration, self-blame, suicidal tendencies.

The more symptoms, the more serious the cause of “emotional illness” is that physiology is greater than psychology. The common “physiological factors” can simply be seen as a kind of endocrine imbalance within the body caused by emotional effects.

For example, when the level of serotonin in the brain changes, it can be difficult to control emotional ups and downs, making it easy to be depressed or anxious.

This is of course a simplification of the complex issues, but the fact is that most of this type of emotional problems can be cured after taking the medication, and many seemingly psychological causes of problems in the medication can be satisfactorily resolved.

In six months ago, Mary is an easy-going and active OL, every day of her work. However, in recent months, she seems to have leaked gas every day, completely lost all the energy of all things are not interested in, can not concentrate on doing anything.

No matter how she tried to bring the spirit of her every moment she still feels very unhappy, for all things are dark, but she can not find the cause.Mary really could not figure out why.

She just knows that all the things that happen around are bad, but she does not understand why she thinks so. At night, she can not sleep, or often have a nightmare.

During the day, she often felt that she was living to death. For no reason, Mary twenty-four hours a day has been the feeling of terror and suffering, but also no idea how to escape from this hell.

Comparison Of American VS Japanese Cars

At first Europe, domestic fuel prices has been the persistent production of small-displacement air compressors engine, lightweight models, which in the sparsely populated, oil prices are other parts of the United States is almost a quarter of the unpopular, so the three major American cars Giant GM, Ford, Chrysler are flooding, large displacement-based models.

Therefore, in the 1970s and 1980s the United States has been dominating the three giants, of which GM’s market share in the United States has been about 46% (then GM, but threatened to do 60, the stock 60 dollars, the core Executives 60 years old, commonly known as the 60-60-60 program), but the change occurred in 1978. That year, the United States passed the fuel tax bill, began tofocus on fuel economy, a clear car to produce cars need to reach the level of 18 miles per gallon, which is now about 13 liters per hundred kilometers, and in 1985 to achieve 27.5MPG Of the level, which is now about 8.5 liters.

toyota

 

The bill in the United States to combat almost unmatched, the fuel have air compressors in the best quiet air compressors tax policy for the  best air compressors has very high rated in United States began to switch from large displacement engine to small displacement, from the four-wheel drive, after driving large cars to switch to small cars, the three car giants can not help huge amounts of money to reduce vehicle size, but due to the prolonged lack of experience in the research and development of small cars, and therefore each  is newly developed, resulting in a severe decline in the quality of American cars. Consumers often complain to the car repair.

Not only that, to GM, for example, GM Mitchell-led design department in the lost, the successor of the sub-base has always thought that the design department should not exist as a leading sector, it should be a part of automotive research and development should not be initiated, people. Therefore, the design of General Motors began the “engineering industry to do the structure, space, size, design, to the design department, assembled by the design department to these places” period; the appearance began to mediocrity. (You can think about the general Pontiac Aztec in 2000, the shape, AZTEK, is “deadly drug division” in the old white open that bike, to know how the GM form is Guards, then The design director Wayne’s comments have been thoroughly ignored)

As the redesign is too costly, so the US auto companies began to try to save costs by sharing the best designs air compressorsdesign, such as the same fender, trunk cover used in different models. This led to the factory products almost no attraction, homogenization is too serious.

Ultimately abandoned the advantages of their rear-drive large car, the older generation of engineers began to retire, the new development of the poor reliability of the former car, the consumer over and over again the car, very flat shape on the Detroit car Americans began to disappointment. Cricket Highlights

At this point, Europe and Japan have always insisted on small cars and economic development, in this reform effort to benefit. Especially in Japan, to provide consumers with high quality and high reliability of the US car. Not only that but the Japanese also use the media to seize the opportunity to discredit the local US auto companies, that they are stubborn, not environmental protection, etc., the US people and the relationship between the US car. At that time the US media are elbow out of the Shui’s.

American cars in the development of small cars under adverse circumstances, trying to revive the glory by a pickup. US auto companies believe that fuel economy will only stimulate consumer consumption of higher-level models, will not care about environmental protection. They believe that a family can only afford the fuel consumption of the mid-size car, but because of the promotion of fuel tax bill, medium and large cars gradually optimize the fuel consumption to mid-size car standards, so the family car will slowly climb the tendency to choose a higher level Models. In theory, this is the case, the US Department of pickup sales.

This time, the Japanese see this, the use of environmental protection at the date of the public opinion of the advantages of vigorously attack the United States car fuel is not okay, is raising the price of vehicles to blind consumers in the United States, to confuse the Americans to buy pickup without social responsibility. This is selling feelings.

Americans in automobile production have been a great disaster, but the situation is often “the wall down the crowd push, drums million people hammer.”

The rise of the socialist countries in the 1970s and 80s made the United States uncomfortable. It intends to incorporate Japan into its sphere of influence to curb China’s influence in Asia and is happy to help Japan develop its economy. Japan to the United States put forward their control of the yen exchange rate, let the exchange rate lower. With the yen lower, the cost advantage of the exchange rate, Japan in the United States, automotive, consumer electronics, camera positions gradually increased.

Ford

At the same time because of the depreciation of the yen, Japanese cars have a substantial cost advantage, the exchange rate difference alone can have $ 4,000 per vehicle costs, in addition to the US labor costs for the US auto industry caused a significant financial burden. More famous is that American workers continue to strike, to increase the health insurance policy movement, but also to the US car economy are a headache. At this time the US car, not only to face the protests of workers but also to try to start, so agreed to the higher health insurance, there are a lot of money surplus labor compensation. American unions even for this nothing to do the workers to get the full wage, the event calender 2017 specials holidays US auto industry in a substantial burden on the road.

However, the media’s propaganda almost gave the US auto industry a massive blow. After a lot of GM’s big brother’s memoirs have referred to the press’s “reverse chauvinism”, that is like imported brands like local brands.

At that time, the US auto companies also lobbied the government to limit the number of imported cars, to the US auto industry to develop a small car breathing space. But in fact, the US auto companies that they have been unable to develop perfect small car models. But also because too many small displacement models put so that consumers increasingly pursue important movement patterns, so the US auto companies or at that time the development of large displacement cars, and achieved some success. However, the most business-minded Japanese, the use of the two stages before and after the US car price data once again inciting the Americans. As the large displacement models and selling high prices, so the average selling price of US cars continues to rise, the Japanese used to attack US cars will only price increases to deceive consumers. At this point, the US car completely lost the trust of the US government.

Into the 21st century, the global warming of the big arguments once again directed at the US large-displacement vehicles, so we see a lot of GM models are discontinued.General Motors and Aisin began to develop a gearbox, to solve the US auto companies in the precursor transmission system problems.

For a cost advantage of the Japanese car, the hands of the grip of the media and a firm sense of social responsibility, naturally the United States three major auto bankruptcy bankruptcy, prostitution, acquisitions.

American cars have been counterattack, but mostly ineffective. General understanding of some more, so the following counter to GM as the representative.

You can see, in the global warming media coverage, the headlines are one one point to the vehicle exhaust emissions. This is the same as now; the media is not responsible for the general push to the deeper abyss. The media pointed out that carbon dioxide emissions from vehicle emissions accounted for 20% of global warming, carbon dioxide emissions, and later this group of journalists went back to prove some of the proof is indeed a mistake, but refused to very cheap. Saturn finally comes to an end, because of the VUE in bad feedback and brought to its knees.

GM would like to develop diesel engines, but also do not want to re-development, so stubborn from the gasoline engine based on converted into diesel engines, resulting in large-scale production after the failure. In the Ford and German cars are insisting after the drive, GM only adheres to the predecessor models, the lack of models of Cadillac from some Chevrolet models on the Cadillac-style improvements, the final challenge to BMW also failed.

Cadillac branding is also right, to expand the brand influence, to create a unique concept of honor, General Motors and Lincoln is very competitive, and ultimately to the car rental company a lot of new low-cost Cadillac sedan, resulting in a filled with Cadillac, Lincoln sedan situation. Once the scope of sales to enlarge, those who want to own the distinguished owners of the Cadillac how will choose it? And ultimately in the brand influence and backward Mercedes-Benz, BMW, Jaguar.

Some variable cylinder management technology, due to immature electronic technology, GM anxious to launch, leading to frequent failures after the listing. General Motors fault rate has begun to make some high-level head of the big.

Japanese cars defeated US cars mainly because of the cheap Japanese cars, after all, Japan was a labor-intensive country and the United States at the time compared to automobile manufacturing is a labor-sensitive industry, according to the OH model, small Japanese car The above is a comparative advantage, of course, the cost will be much lower. The top-ranked answer answered a more specific question, said a lot of micro-level enterprises for the market response, I am here to talk about the macro-level considerations.

First, Japan has a comparative advantage in making cars, so it should export cars and import products that do not have a comparative advantage, such as airplanes.According to the above model, we can know that in the ideal state, we should produce and export products with comparative advantage, and import products without comparative advantage, so as to maximize the social welfare. (See Ricardian model, specific factor model, and OH model.

Second, that era of oil prices to Japan to catch up with a chance to catch up with Europe, the first answer has been given in detail, there is not much to say.

Third, the impact of US car prices will lead to these enterprises to reduce costs and reduce the scale, causing layoffs, which is never allowed to trade unions things.Union for the United States is a bug. Then the union put pressure on the government and proposed to impose taxes on imported Japanese cars to ensure the competitiveness of American cars. Japanese car lost the price advantage, the role of the United States to protect the vehicle prices is huge, at least to ensure that they do not have to be out of the market. This is their counter measure.

Fourth, with the protection of tariffs, the US car companies are no longer keen to manufacture small-displacement cars, resulting in the US car prices in the production of trucks and large displacement SUV has accumulated more advantages. But the consequences of the new century, the latest round of rising oil prices, the United States are good at large displacement cars to have been severely hit, Hummer, Saab, Pontiac and other brands have to choose to sell or stop operations.

PS: Hummer this brand was indeed sold to a manufacturer in Sichuan, the transaction has been completed, I told my classmates in general, this brand is the sale of the success of the money to get the. So the Hummer brand has not been suspended only after selling do not know why, China’s Hummer brand to buy this business did not go to a repairer, and to 11 years or so, this enterprise, failed. There can know the inside story can tell me about this thing.

The United States was already a very mature car market, where maturity refers mainly to grow users.

In this context, Japanese cars (at least in the North American market) are cheap, safe, and of high quality (quality is very important).

Fuel consumption changes also contributed to the top Japanese car.

General to do enough or the car as a high-end goods Toyota’s goal is to become a civilian car and Toyota’s boss is doing very hard to do with Japan’s own technological innovation, reducing fuel consumption and reduce vehicle production costs

Most US v8 engine displacement is too high not environmentally friendly

Japanese cars cheaper fuel economy and environmental quality are also good.

Change the world of machines, classic management books, can be the core of the answer to the questionNow that the election is coming to an end, it is clear that the central issue in this round of presidential elections is economic. But the problem in the economy and the reality of this economy is different. When Mitt Romney declared during his second presidential debate that he would have listed China as a currency manipulator if he was elected, that idea flashed through my mind. The pre-emptive appeal is to attract a large number of frustrated manufacturing workers and their bosses in the “Rust Belt” states. But this confirms how much we do not understand our position in the new global economy.

Now that the election is coming to an end, it is clear that the central issue in this round of presidential elections is economic. But the point in the economy and the reality of this economy is different. When Mitt Romney declared during his second presidential debate that he would have listed China as a currency manipulator if he was elected, that idea flashed through my mind. The pre-emptive appeal is to attract a large number of frustrated manufacturing workers and their bosses in the “Rust Belt” states. But this confirms how much we do not understand our position in the new global economy.

Not long ago, the United States was in a dominant position in the global economy. From the 1950s to the 1980s, the United States was the world’s dominant producer and consumer. From Europe to Latin America and Asia, success depends on how much energy they can draw from the tremendous economic growth of the United States. However, in the 1970s, the situation began to change, when Japan and Germany began manufacturing better than the United States similar products, automotive, factory equipment and electronic accessories. In the next 30 years, the United States struggled to adjust to the increasing competitiveness of Asian and Latin American producers. But as long as the United States to maintain the status of the world’s largest consumer market, the United States there is still a great influence. For example, the US government has been able to persuade Pakistan to join the global war on terror, in part because the United States is committed to Pakistan socks manufacturers to enter the US market can enjoy the duty-free treatment.

Ian Bremmer, the president of Eurasia Group, a political consultancy, is worth thinking about. Bremer said that in the past half-century, the United States based on its strong military power and an enormous market, the United States can reward, but also punishment. Although the United States maintained its military status, the rest of the world was less dependent on the US market. Romney and Barack Obama can do whatever they can to punish China (in fact, Obama mentioned in 2008), but their statement is that they either do not realize that the US economic forces have weakened, or they Just afraid, dare not speak out the fact (the latter is more likely). If this is too bad. “If the next president can persuade US companies to stop complaining about China and concentrate on producing what consumers want to buy, it will help the voters of the Rusty Zone,” Bremer said. For decades, Chinese companies have studied the US market, and now it is time to catch up.

Naturally, with the end of the political cycle, the United States opened a new chapter in the economy. Until the next election, the problems of the past few years will be resolved, and we will see a clearer future. I asked several key experts to predict the situation in the United States by 2016, and they agreed. Jeffrey Frieden of Harvard University told me that the US economy will not rebind soon, but will remain stable but to slow growth. Nigel Gault, of IHS Global Insight, the economic forecasting agency, said the unemployment rate would be around 6.4%. More importantly, Frieden and Bremer pointed out that by 2016, income inequality will become a stable structural feature of the US economy. Millions will not be able to get jobs, and tens of millions will need to receive lower incomes. At the same time, those with the University and advanced education will experience a rebound; income will increase.

It may not be possible for the Chinese economy to go beyond the United States until the 1920s, but by 2016 it would be far less likely that the United States would be able to prevent China from manipulating its currency or stopping China from doing so in any other way. By that time, Americans may be able to feel the power of China’s economy. Brent Iadarola, ahead of industry research firm Frost & Sullivan, told me that the new world economic situation would be similar to that of the US mobile phone market. Almost all US adults have a cell phone, but only 40% of them use the iPhone, Android, and other smartphones. Therefore, it is expected that in the next few years, the mobile phone industry will be rapid development. But by 2016, the US market will be saturated, smartphone manufacturers must add a lot of new features, to fight for a small number of users to upgrade. In the United States will not produce large-scale growth or huge profits. These large companies, as well as ancillary industries such as shell manufacturers and application software developers, will focus on the preferences of emerging markets such as Asia, Eastern Europe, Latin America and Africa.

The American working-class of all walks of life will be more clearly aware that many of their great opportunities are abroad. In the next few years, the US market will promote the development of the pharmaceutical industry, partly because the baby boomers of the generation.

What Is Dementia?

For some people, the word Reminiscent of scary “crazy” behavior, and out of control Of thinking. In fact, the word dementia is described in a group of symptoms include short-term memory loss, confusion, and problem-solving Inability to complete multi-step activities, such as preparing a meal Or balance the check book, and sometimes, the character changes or unusual behavior.

What does dementia mean?

When people have dementia can not explain why he has these symptoms. For example, some people have a fever and high temperature and can not explain the reason or why this person is sick. Memorial Day 2017

Does memory loss indicate dementia?

We often hear that old people’s face memory problems, But we know that severe memory loss is not normal aging steps and can not be ignored. Family members often think that people ‘s amnesia is the cause of dementia. In many cases, it is willing to be dementia. But has it’s his reasons can cause memory and cognitive ability to decline, by gradually can not adapt to society slowly. These factors can affect young and old aged people. Diagnosis is a must.

Various factors can cause reversible dementia. These include drugs Interaction, depression, vitamin deficiency and thyroid dysplasia often. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment, leading to symptom improvement.

What is dementia?

The most common irreversible or degenerative dementia is Alzheimer’s disease. Although many other types of degenerative nature Dyspepsia is similar to Zhai dementia, there are unique or not the same features that require special attention and different treatments.

Reversible And irreversible dementia are described in detail below Looking for diagnostic attention The diagnosis of Alzheimer’s requires a complete medical and nerve Psychological evaluation. The first step is to find out if there is cognitive ability Gradual decline and more dangerous.

The next step is to see why Appropriate to know the material so that patients and health care workers in the plan. The medical assessment of patients with dementia includes the following? History review or symptom onset.

The following questions occurred

  • What symptoms have occurred?
  • What are the symptoms first?
  • Disease How long has the presence?
  • The daily activities of patients with Impact?

Because the patient may not be able to review the disease accurately, the sequence may be underestimated by the symptoms, taking care of the need accompany the patient and provide information to the doctor or nurse.

The risk of dementia increases or is identified to cause cognitive energyThe power drops in the drug. It is important to accompany the patient can accurately provide this information.

Neurological examination. Neurological examination was performed to identify other classes, type of Alzheimer’s symptoms or other conditions can be increased plus cognitive decline in risk, such as stroke or fear Free Web Proxy

Laboratory inspection.

To exclude the lack of vitamins or various generations Xie disease. Although not common, vitamin deficiency, Infection or hormone imbalance can cause cognitive symptoms. Proxy Sites

These include thyroid imbalance, vitamin B12, and plum poison. Also, some laboratory tests can indicate dementia

Risk factors such as high cholesterol or high blood pressure

Brain imaging. Computer (CT) scan or magnetic resonance

MRI (MRI) can check the anatomy of the brain to look for

What causes cognitive changes, such as stroke or brain

Tumor. This imaging can also measure brain size and blood

The tube changes can be monitored over time.

This pen and paper test evaluation thinking process includes memory,

Language, problem solving and judgment. Results comparison

Patient education and race to the same age population to decide

Those who have problems and how dangerous.

In recent years, the diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease more precisely,

Experts can analyze large amounts of data to determine if there are a problem and multiple, and even find out the reasons for Alzheimer’s disease.

The decision to diagnose takes the time to monitor or multiple causes simultaneously exist. Determination of whether the reversible or irreversible.

Reversible dementia

A variety of diseases and disorders of the elderly can cause mental retardation. Conditions and drug reactions can cause changes in the state of the deity known as “pseudo-dementia.” Medical tests can find out what reasons for the existence of reverse, for example:

Drug reaction. Most common. Doctors should be tested

All medications, prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications and Herbal medicine to reduce the side effects of the drug performance.

Endocrine abnormalities. Thyroid abnormalities, parathyroid Glandular abnormalities, and adrenal dysfunction to simulate senile dementia, metabolic disorders. Kidney and liver failure, liver and pancreatic disease caused by electrolyte imbalance (Blood Test), low blood sugar, high blood calcium, leading to confusion Loss of appetite, sleep and mood change emotional distress. Depression or life changes, such as Retirement, divorce or loss of dear people can be affected the physical and mental health of individuals. Should inform the doctor.

The first life stressful event. Visual and auditory. Visual acuity and hearing impairment can lead the results of inappropriate reactions are misinterpreted. Should be hearing and visual examination.

? infection. Confusion is a symptom of urinary tract infection

which performed. Should inform the doctor.

? Nutritional deficiencies. Vitamin B deficiency (folic acid,

Niacin, riboflavin, and thiamine) to cause recognition

Known obstacles.

Degenerative (irreversible) dementia

If the patient is not clear to have irreversible or degenerative dementia

Are reversible dementia, the patient’s family, and medical staff have to find out

Etiology. This will ensure that patients will receive appropriate treatment and Nursing, family can also plan and find adequate support and care.

. The following are the most common degenerative dementias:

? Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s is the most

Common dementia, especially over the age of 65, though

However, the disease can also occur in young people. Alzheimer

The syndrome affects about 50% of patients in the 85-year-old. The study

mission accomplished. When the symptoms suddenly appear, the patient usually

Experienced a stroke. For others, for others

Slow progression of function and thought.

Dementia with Lewy

Bodies / DLB). Dementia with Lewy bodies is a gradual

Progressive degenerative disease shares with Alzheimer’s disease

And symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. DLB cognitive function wave

Emotional damage and have motor abnormalities and Parkinson’s disease.

Performance similar.

Frontotemporal dementia

Dementia / FTD). Scanning can be found bilaterally symmetrical

Degenerative abnormalities in the frontal and temporal lobes. The frontal lobe of the brain. Anterior temporal control of reasoning, personality, movement, speech,

Social etiquette and some aspects of memory. Symptoms Sometimes

Can be misdiagnosed as mental illness. The disease to 45 to 65 years of age

As multiple age groups. Symptoms showed two opposite

Way: Some patients showed transitional activity, cramped

Disturbed, do not follow the ethical code of social behavior

Other manifestations of apathetic, inert and emotional slow

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (Creutzfeldt-Jakob

Disease / CJD). CJD is a fast way to go

Of the deadly brain disease. Infectious sponge

Encephalopathy and the disease are the cause of prion protein. this

The disease is difficult to diagnose because it has many different diagnoses

Including sleep disorders, personality changes, ataxia, Aphasia, visual loss, physical, muscle atrophy, Myoclonus, progressive dementia and other symptoms. Parkinson’s dementia. Parkinson’s syndrome clinical manifestations of shock, Tremor, stiffness, slow, unsteady gait and other symptoms. The clinical manifestations of the nervous system may be partial or even complete Like Parkinson’s disease. When Parkinson’s syndrome does not have any nerves.

System anomalies and can not identify the cause of hair,

This disease was described as a Parkinson disease in 1817

Years by the British physician.

Progressive supranuclear palsy)

Supranuclear Palsy / PSP). The disease mainly

There are three clinical features are postural instability and movement disorders

Vertical supranuclear palsy, or eye movement impairment

And dementia. Although these three characteristics are considered to be

Hydrocephalus / NPH). The clinical manifestations of this disease

Now gait instability, urinary incontinence, and dementia. recognize

As is a rare cause of Alzheimer’s disease

Mainly in the 60-year-old occurred. NPH accurate hair

It is difficult to determine the disease rate does not have the formal agreement of the disease

Some physicians rely on imaging to make a diagnosis

Evidence, another group of medical personnel, rely on clinical indications

Other physicians use reliable clinical signs and symptoms

The combination. Treatment is ventricular shunt, to reduce

Less by the pressure brought by cerebrospinal fluid.

Huntington’s disease (Huntington’s

Disease / HD). The disease is a genetic fatal

Of the disease, the performance characteristics of involuntary movements (dance

Disease) and cognitive decline (Alzheimer’s disease).

Can cause some of the brain structure, especially the basal ganglia

Which may lead to patients unable to control their action

And emotions, as well as causing mental and cognitive functioning

Aspects of the retreat.