For some people, the word Reminiscent of scary “crazy” behavior, and out of control Of thinking. In fact, the word dementia is described in a group of symptoms include short-term memory loss, confusion, and problem-solving Inability to complete multi-step activities, such as preparing a meal Or balance the check book, and sometimes, the character changes or unusual behavior.
What does dementia mean?
When people have dementia can not explain why he has these symptoms. For example, some people have a fever and high temperature and can not explain the reason or why this person is sick. Memorial Day 2017
Does memory loss indicate dementia?
We often hear that old people’s face memory problems, But we know that severe memory loss is not normal aging steps and can not be ignored. Family members often think that people ‘s amnesia is the cause of dementia. In many cases, it is willing to be dementia. But has it’s his reasons can cause memory and cognitive ability to decline, by gradually can not adapt to society slowly. These factors can affect young and old aged people. Diagnosis is a must.
Various factors can cause reversible dementia. These include drugs Interaction, depression, vitamin deficiency and thyroid dysplasia often. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment, leading to symptom improvement.
What is dementia?
The most common irreversible or degenerative dementia is Alzheimer’s disease. Although many other types of degenerative nature Dyspepsia is similar to Zhai dementia, there are unique or not the same features that require special attention and different treatments.
Reversible And irreversible dementia are described in detail below Looking for diagnostic attention The diagnosis of Alzheimer’s requires a complete medical and nerve Psychological evaluation. The first step is to find out if there is cognitive ability Gradual decline and more dangerous.
The next step is to see why Appropriate to know the material so that patients and health care workers in the plan. The medical assessment of patients with dementia includes the following? History review or symptom onset.
The following questions occurred
- What symptoms have occurred?
- What are the symptoms first?
- Disease How long has the presence?
- The daily activities of patients with Impact?
Because the patient may not be able to review the disease accurately, the sequence may be underestimated by the symptoms, taking care of the need accompany the patient and provide information to the doctor or nurse.
The risk of dementia increases or is identified to cause cognitive energyThe power drops in the drug. It is important to accompany the patient can accurately provide this information.
Neurological examination. Neurological examination was performed to identify other classes, type of Alzheimer’s symptoms or other conditions can be increased plus cognitive decline in risk, such as stroke or fear Free Web Proxy
To exclude the lack of vitamins or various generations Xie disease. Although not common, vitamin deficiency, Infection or hormone imbalance can cause cognitive symptoms. Proxy Sites
These include thyroid imbalance, vitamin B12, and plum poison. Also, some laboratory tests can indicate dementia
Risk factors such as high cholesterol or high blood pressure
Brain imaging. Computer (CT) scan or magnetic resonance
MRI (MRI) can check the anatomy of the brain to look for
What causes cognitive changes, such as stroke or brain
Tumor. This imaging can also measure brain size and blood
The tube changes can be monitored over time.
This pen and paper test evaluation thinking process includes memory,
Language, problem solving and judgment. Results comparison
Patient education and race to the same age population to decide
Those who have problems and how dangerous.
In recent years, the diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease more precisely,
Experts can analyze large amounts of data to determine if there are a problem and multiple, and even find out the reasons for Alzheimer’s disease.
The decision to diagnose takes the time to monitor or multiple causes simultaneously exist. Determination of whether the reversible or irreversible.
A variety of diseases and disorders of the elderly can cause mental retardation. Conditions and drug reactions can cause changes in the state of the deity known as “pseudo-dementia.” Medical tests can find out what reasons for the existence of reverse, for example:
Drug reaction. Most common. Doctors should be tested
All medications, prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications and Herbal medicine to reduce the side effects of the drug performance.
Endocrine abnormalities. Thyroid abnormalities, parathyroid Glandular abnormalities, and adrenal dysfunction to simulate senile dementia, metabolic disorders. Kidney and liver failure, liver and pancreatic disease caused by electrolyte imbalance (Blood Test), low blood sugar, high blood calcium, leading to confusion Loss of appetite, sleep and mood change emotional distress. Depression or life changes, such as Retirement, divorce or loss of dear people can be affected the physical and mental health of individuals. Should inform the doctor.
The first life stressful event. Visual and auditory. Visual acuity and hearing impairment can lead the results of inappropriate reactions are misinterpreted. Should be hearing and visual examination.
? infection. Confusion is a symptom of urinary tract infection
which performed. Should inform the doctor.
? Nutritional deficiencies. Vitamin B deficiency (folic acid,
Niacin, riboflavin, and thiamine) to cause recognition
Degenerative (irreversible) dementia
If the patient is not clear to have irreversible or degenerative dementia
Are reversible dementia, the patient’s family, and medical staff have to find out
Etiology. This will ensure that patients will receive appropriate treatment and Nursing, family can also plan and find adequate support and care.
. The following are the most common degenerative dementias:
? Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s is the most
Common dementia, especially over the age of 65, though
However, the disease can also occur in young people. Alzheimer
The syndrome affects about 50% of patients in the 85-year-old. The study
mission accomplished. When the symptoms suddenly appear, the patient usually
Experienced a stroke. For others, for others
Slow progression of function and thought.
Dementia with Lewy
Bodies / DLB). Dementia with Lewy bodies is a gradual
Progressive degenerative disease shares with Alzheimer’s disease
And symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. DLB cognitive function wave
Emotional damage and have motor abnormalities and Parkinson’s disease.
Dementia / FTD). Scanning can be found bilaterally symmetrical
Degenerative abnormalities in the frontal and temporal lobes. The frontal lobe of the brain. Anterior temporal control of reasoning, personality, movement, speech,
Social etiquette and some aspects of memory. Symptoms Sometimes
Can be misdiagnosed as mental illness. The disease to 45 to 65 years of age
As multiple age groups. Symptoms showed two opposite
Way: Some patients showed transitional activity, cramped
Disturbed, do not follow the ethical code of social behavior
Other manifestations of apathetic, inert and emotional slow
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (Creutzfeldt-Jakob
Disease / CJD). CJD is a fast way to go
Of the deadly brain disease. Infectious sponge
Encephalopathy and the disease are the cause of prion protein. this
The disease is difficult to diagnose because it has many different diagnoses
Including sleep disorders, personality changes, ataxia, Aphasia, visual loss, physical, muscle atrophy, Myoclonus, progressive dementia and other symptoms. Parkinson’s dementia. Parkinson’s syndrome clinical manifestations of shock, Tremor, stiffness, slow, unsteady gait and other symptoms. The clinical manifestations of the nervous system may be partial or even complete Like Parkinson’s disease. When Parkinson’s syndrome does not have any nerves.
System anomalies and can not identify the cause of hair,
This disease was described as a Parkinson disease in 1817
Years by the British physician.
Progressive supranuclear palsy)
Supranuclear Palsy / PSP). The disease mainly
There are three clinical features are postural instability and movement disorders
Vertical supranuclear palsy, or eye movement impairment
And dementia. Although these three characteristics are considered to be
Hydrocephalus / NPH). The clinical manifestations of this disease
Now gait instability, urinary incontinence, and dementia. recognize
As is a rare cause of Alzheimer’s disease
Mainly in the 60-year-old occurred. NPH accurate hair
It is difficult to determine the disease rate does not have the formal agreement of the disease
Some physicians rely on imaging to make a diagnosis
Evidence, another group of medical personnel, rely on clinical indications
Other physicians use reliable clinical signs and symptoms
The combination. Treatment is ventricular shunt, to reduce
Less by the pressure brought by cerebrospinal fluid.
Huntington’s disease (Huntington’s
Disease / HD). The disease is a genetic fatal
Of the disease, the performance characteristics of involuntary movements (dance
Disease) and cognitive decline (Alzheimer’s disease).
Can cause some of the brain structure, especially the basal ganglia
Which may lead to patients unable to control their action
And emotions, as well as causing mental and cognitive functioning
Aspects of the retreat.